The historic town of Lexington, South Carolina is a direct descendant of the old Royal township of Saxe Gotha. This township was 1 of 11 established in 1735 by the Colonial government of King George II to encourage settlement of back-country South Carolina and serve as a protective buffer between powerful Indian tribes to the west and the older settled plantations of the low country. The name Saxe Gotha was in honor of the marriage of the British Prince of Wales to Princess Augusta of the German State of Saxe Gotha.
Trading TrailsThe territory of colonial Saxe Gotha covered most of present day Lexington County, and was traversed by 2 important early Indian trails:
- Cherokee Path which followed roughly modern U.S. Highway Number 378
- Occaneechi Path, today U.S. Highway Number 1